The New Testament provides two genealogies of Jesus, one in Matthew and one in Luke. Matthew’s genealogy begins with Abraham and moves forward in time: “A was the father of B, B the father of C,” and so on. Luke’s genealogy begins with Jesus and moves backwards in time all the way to Adam: “C the son of B, the son of A.”
Let’s compare only the portions from Abraham forward.
From Matthew 1
From Luke 3
The differences begin with Matthew’s saying Joseph, Mary’s husband, was descended from David’s son Solomon, and Luke’s saying Joseph, Mary’s husband, was descended from David’s other son Nathan. There is a widespread notion that one genealogy is actually that of Mary’s husband and the other that of Mary herself. Problem: The text doesn’t say that.
Another issue is that Matthew’s list does not comport with the Old Testament. See Matthew’s Omission of 81 Years of Jewish Kings.
Originally posted 2015-10-28.